Tuesday, December 24, 2019

Functionalism vs Structuralism - 847 Words

All great science starts with certain opinions and methods. These processes come to shape a hypothesis that in turn becomes a theory. Structuralism and Functionalism are the theories of many opinions and methods that came to form schools of thought. Structuralist’s believed psychology was the science of conscious experience and immediate thought and in contrast Functionalists believed in practical results of the mental processes. Structuralism and Functionalism served their unique purpose in the world of psychology. Both Structuralism and Functionalism used each other to gain legitimacy to the science world and further continue the evolution of modern psychology. One difference between the two theories was Structuralism focused all of†¦show more content†¦James Angell (1908) stated in his book Psychology: An Introductory Study of the Structure and Function of Human Consciousness that functionalism was the process of the whole mind rather than parts. Herbert Spencer formulated from Darwinism a â€Å"system called synthetic philosophy.† This synthesis was meant to combine all the knowledge and experience of evolutionary principles. (Shultz Shultz, 2008). William James added to this, the specific concentration towards complex functions of adaptation of people. By coining the phrase â€Å"stream of consciousness,† William James tried to approach thought as a constant thought that is never broken. Signifying that, thoughts continually occur and accumulate. This was entirely in contrast with the immediate experience that Wundt and Titchener modeled. Functionalism also contrasted its origins in the fact that it was accepted by vigorously opposing structuralism. This impact is partly why America largely adopted its developments and findings. Functionalism was functional in a time when practicality was sought after in a growing industrialized America. Today researchers have taken these elements of streaming thought and applied that to the continuous stream of neurological activities that happens when we are awake and asleep. This writer thinks that both theories served a major purpose for evolving psychology. By legitimizing psychology in the eyes of traditional science, it allowed researchers to seekShow MoreRelatedStructuralism vs Functionalism780 Words   |  4 PagesStructuralism vs. Functionalism Jessica A. Brooks Psychology 426 August 14, 2009 Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism and functionalism investigate the human mind and use the mind as the subject of every study. They are also both are concerned with the conscious self. While they share some similarities, they also show some variation. Structuralism focuses on â€Å"revealing the most basic structures or components of the mind† (Zimbardo, 2006). FunctionalismRead MoreResearch Paper on William James and Functionalism1230 Words   |  5 PagesPSY 101 4/7/13 â€Å"William James and Functionalism† I. Introduction William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist who had trained as a physician. He was the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States. James wrote influential books on pragmatism, psychology, educational psychology, the psychology of religious experience, and mysticism. He was the brotherRead MoreFoundation of Psychology773 Words   |  4 Pagestheories within psychology. Over the years there are many schools of thoughts in psychology that has developed, that are in addition to the main eight which are structuralism, functionalism, rationalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, Gestalt psychology, and Cognitive Psychology. . The first school of thought, structuralism was endorsed by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchner between 1890-1920 in Germany and the US. This school of thought analyzes the mental processes andRead MoreAgency And Structure And The Formation Of Human Behavior1142 Words   |  5 Pagesopportunities. This on going debate of structure and agency can be observed through a nature vs. nurture lens as well as through three different theoretical positions of structure and agency under the social ontology question: â€Å" What is the cause of the social world?† and do â€Å"social structures determine the behaviour of an individual or makes human action?† When contrasting agency and structure with the nature vs. nurture debate questions rise regarding whether it is the physiology or socialization ofRead MoreCompare the Functionalist and Marxist Perspective on Society1104 Words   |  5 Pagesthis essay are Functionalism and Marxism. Although quite different, both Functionalism and Marxism have their similarities. They also have their good and bad aspects, and ways in which each theory dysfunctions however each can be drawn on in relation to a given society with its many and varied functional conflicts and or differences for a clearer understanding of its social issues (Functionalism vs Marxism n.d. Retieved 8 Oct 2008 from www.megaessays.com). Functionalism Functionalism is the studyRead MoreThe Theory Of Psychology And New Schools1057 Words   |  5 Pagesand new schools have developed which try to fill the gaps of previous approaches and offer a new perspective. The timeline could be traced from Structuralism (Wundt, 1879), which was the first school of thought. It proposed breaking down of mental processes into its most fundamental components in trying to understand a person s mind. Then came functionalism (James,1902). Functionalists weren t concerned with mental processes, but in the role, that these processes played. Behaviourism (Watson, 1931)Read MoreThe Theory Of The Mind And Behavior1264 Words   |  6 Pagesthat we are born with imprinted knowledge. Aristotle, a student of Plato, theorized the concept that we were born a blank canvas and the development of our minds are sculpted by our experience, demonstrating that modern psychological debates of nature VS nurture, and interests of the functions of the mind, have been dis cussed for centuries. Psychology as we know it today is the scientific study of the mind and behaviour. All scientists whether chemists, biologists, physicists or psychologists mustRead MorePsychology : Psychology And Psychology Essay2200 Words   |  9 Pagesconnected by the pineal gland or more known as the third eye. He thought that humans couldn’t understand the mind because it was on a different level than this world. This notion was what started disagreement and other thoughts, such as structuralism and functionalism, that later came into the research society. https://www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/introduction-to-psychology-1/introduction-to-the-field-of-psychology-22/early-roots-of-psychology-110-12647/ PeopleRead MoreGender Roles And Gender Role Essay1385 Words   |  6 Pagessuch as gender socialization and structural functionalism. The gender socialization has contributed in the lower engagement, dissimilar political stance and involvement early in life and this continues through the life of a woman for instant many woman have developed negative attitude in their mind that they can never be leaders this mainly due to their social background where they are mainly perceived not to be in any leadership post. On structuralism it mainly entails how people minds views womenRead MoreThe Development Of Language Development Essay1762 Words   |  8 Pagestheories have been introduced, discussed and researched on the development of language in humans. In it s simplest form the theory of language consists of three arguable parts: structuralism vs. functionalism, competence vs. performance, and nativism vs. empiricism. One of the most discussed parts of the theories is nativism vs. empiricism. Nativism is the belief that language is genetic while empiricism holds the belief that the environment determines the acquisition path. There are strong advocates

Monday, December 16, 2019

Personal Statement (Oxford) Free Essays

Personal Statement Every year, thousands of people all over the world apply the best of themselves to Oxford. Some believe in the distinguished faculties producing groundbreaking research that addresses critical issues facing our academia, while the others believe in the synergy between fundamental and applied research and the â€Å"The Lord is my light† approach, which foster intellectual partnerships between faculties and students. As an up-coming graduate in Economics, I yearned to further my postgraduate study for an Oxford master programme in the School of Geography and the Environment because of a passion running deep inside my thought. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Statement (Oxford) or any similar topic only for you Order Now The passion is rooted from the place where I grew up, and sparked by a practice of enviromental change research I experienced recently. I grew up in Zhongwei, Ningxia, China — a small oasis located in the junction between the Yellow River and Tengri Desert in northwestern China. My feeling on this land has been a complex mixture of love and sigh, as folks are nurtured by this land, but also tortured by frequent sand storms and very dry weather. During my college life in Jiangsu University, I, as a volunteer, participated in a research project to study the environmental changes and the corresponding socio-economic effects around Shapotou. I was impressed by the fresh scene of Shapotou, the place where once engulfed by desert has been covered mostly by vegetation. Because of the success in desert-control, Shapotou is known as a â€Å"Miracle in the history of the world’s desertification control†. I was honored to be invited to participate in the field investigation led by Professor A from the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Through participating in the research project, I obtained the knowledge on the history of the desert movement and principles governing the desertification control. I have also learned that the achievement of Shapotou desertification control project has attracted the attention of experts and scholars from many parts of the world, including the Dean of St Cross College of Oxford University, Professor who visited Tengri Desert with Professor Huang in 2007. Deeply impressed with the success of desertification control at Shapotou, I have been very interested in topics related to geography and environmental conservation since then. For this, I have done some studies on climate change, ecological protection, energy conservation and environmental economics. I have also been keeping in a close contact with Prof. A for consulting and discussing issues on geographical and environmental aspects. Through my contacts with Professor A, who used to be a research fellow at Oxford University, and many other sources including the information shown on the website of Oxford University, I understand well that Oxford University is one of the leading universities in geography in the world. Following my passion and maturing self-conscious, I started to draw my own blueprint catiously – I would make all my effort to earn an offer from Oxford University for studying in the programme of Nature, Society and Environmental Policy. Armed by the knowledge and skills I gained from my college study, I will dedicate myself on environmental protection in my hometown. I am truly convinced that choosing to become an Oxford’s â€Å"dark blue† is the best choice to fullfill my life’s pursuit. I sincerely hope that I can be admitted as a postgraduate student of Oxford University, and I am very confident of my capability for completing my studies at Oxford University. How to cite Personal Statement (Oxford), Essay examples

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Inventive Personal Story Essay Example For Students

Inventive Personal Story Essay I remember when I had it all; when I woke up every morning with no worries. It had to change when I did the actions that had consequences that could change any man. All I could do now was keep my head up and remain loyal to myself. I tell myself that everything will be okay but the truth is that my soul is a glass house, that the Devil laughed and shattered. People look at me, as I look back with no emotion, and they wonder what was my story. So the story goes, I was 12 years old chilling and smoking weed before I went and chose my fate. I hit the streets of Stockton with only one homie beside me. I had something to prove, so it wasnt time to take me lightly. It was cold, about two in the morning on what I thought was a friday night. It wasnt very long until I saw some scraps in sight, there was one standing outside and one in the liquor store. We had to do it fast before they noticed; we pulled up on them, jumped out the car and set it off. We heard the clerk in the background calling the cops; but we still continued beating on them until we saw blood was being spilt, and at that very moment I knew this was for reals. I wasnt really tripping or felt no kind of remorse. When I fled from the scene, I was laughing as I saw them bleeding on the floor. I knew it wasnt right but i couldnt help the way I feel because I knew it was kill or be killed. Now on this day, I wake up thanking God that Im living another day and ask for forgiveness for the sins I might have to make. I wonder about the choices I made and then the alternatives I could have done. I can only go on with life by showing no emotions, as I remember what my life was and think about the road I have chosen. My memory goes back to when I was living with the family that I had to turn my back to; just because I wanted to protect them from the choices Ive done. The choices that made me grow up too quick. With these thought in my head I get up and put on the shirt that some people say is too big, the jeans that I sag, and the shoes some people wish they had. I then get my wallet and my items; just like any other day. I look at my wardrobe and notice that I have more clothes that when I lived with family. Then at my bed, when I remember when I had to share one with my two brothers. I then walk over to the mirror and see the scar on my face that my father gave to me. I looked into my eyes and I see that I dont care, that I am better off this way. I head out of my small apartment that is under my neighbor, Joses name. I walk over to his apartment, knock on his door, and when he comes out he tells me, The zip of yay is in my whip. Get it and dip to,   he paused, pulled out a paper, and resumed, to this address. Google it if you dont know it.  I did what he told me and I drove off in my 69 Malibu. I saw all of my homies posted around doing their job as I did mine. In this ghetto neighborhood, in which everyone knew whos who and lives in broken down houses. I pass by the leaders house and it just stands out and I wish that one day I could be just like him. .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 , .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .postImageUrl , .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 , .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:hover , .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:visited , .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:active { border:0!important; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:active , .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2 .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0494322ec59b5a706a5182ce694210e2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: What is the Meaning of Life? EssayEveryone had nothing on their lawn but the leader, that we call Jefe, had flowers, bushes, and a baby lemon tree. I drove onto the next block, which is identical to mine and controlled by the same guy. I passed by the old gray public high school in which I might even graduate from. Everyone says that I have the grades to change, that with my 4. 0 GPA I could do anything I want. So I tell them that I rather trade in scholarships for hollow tips. But deep inside I truly believe that why Im doing this well is because my inner goal is to change the way I live.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Wpa statement on plagiarism Essay Example

Wpa statement on plagiarism Essay Plagiarism was never as serious an issue as it today. Teachers used to trust their students to speak their own ideas and take responsibility in everything they do. Today, with the birth of the Internet and the countless ideas a student can amass from it, plagiarism is a serious concern everyone in the academe is watching out for. Because of the growing concern of the students credibility and ability to come up with their own ideas, proposals rose to battle such issue, like that of the WPA Statement on Plagiarism. Plagiarism, then, has to be defined before students are taught about the causes and responsibilities that go with it. According to the WPA Statement on Plagiarism, â€Å"plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else’s language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source. Once a student claims that another authors idea as his own, he is automatically considered as someone who is guilty of academic miscond uct (Council of Writing Program Administrators, 2003).† Teachers, then, must understand that not all students are ready to risk their own thoughts and ideas.Students who are most likely to plagiarize are those who are poor at managing their time, do not treat the subject or course a significant one. In some cases, teachers trigger the students to plagiarize because of the very generic subjects or cheating goes unpunished. On the other hand, some students try their best to avoid plagiarism but because of their lack of knowledge on this matter, their works falsely appear as a plagiarized material. Because of all these, responsibilities must then be shared by students, faculty members and administrators alike. Students should see projects and assignments as avenues for knowledge, faculty members should give assignments that help students stay away from plainly recycling texts and administrators should implement programs that encourage honesty in any academic work. â€Å"Battling plagiarism can be done through developing policies, improving teaching materials and educating students about the significance of this issue (Council of Writing Program Administrators, 2003).†ReferenceCouncil of Writing Program Administrators. (2003). Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism:The WPA Statement on Best Practices. Retrieved July 8, 2008, fromhttp://www.wpacouncil.org/node/9.